Cancer of the colon is one of the most common cancers that affect human beings. Therefore, it is very important to learn about colorectal cancer as this knowledge might help in the prevention by avoiding the risk factors. This is one of the most common cancers of the gastrointestinal system and therefore, the information laid down in this article is very important. This cancer usually affects the colon and the rectum. This type of cancer is usually responsible for many deaths and therefore, there is need for screening before it affects you. This type of cancer can also spread to other parts of the body leading to more health complications.
It is very important to understand the signs and symptoms of this cancer. First, the bowel habits are entitled to change and you might get constipation or diarrhea. It also makes you feel that your bowel is not achieving full completion after an attempt to empty. Sometimes, it can also present with blood in the stools. If it is dark in color it is usually melena stool. Sometimes it can be fresh blood usually from the rectum. There are also symptoms of weakness and dizziness and also weight loss. ON the examination of such a patient, you will find out that the abdomen of the patient will be distended.
Let us now learn how colorectal cancer is managed. There are several modalities of managing these patients. First, it is important to note that the treatment depends on a variety of factors. The size of the tumor will determine greatly how you are going to manage colorectal cancer. The location of the tumor along the colon or the rectum also has a great role in managing the patient who has this type of cancer. Lastly, the health of the patient and the stage of the cancer will be considered when managing the patient. Some of the treatment options include chemotherapy, surgery or irradiation.
Surgical operation is one of the treatment modalities for colorectal cancer. This one usually involves the removal of the tumor and also resects some of the lymph nodes which help in the prevention of the spread of cancer. In some cases the rectum can be removed completely and the colostomy bag is usually put. Early diagnosis of the tumor is usually very essential and it helps in the proper ease of the symptoms.
The use of chemotherapy to treat colorectal cancer involves the use of certain drugs to help in the management of the cancer cells. This therapy usually targets the proteins which usually encourage the growth of the tumor. These drugs have been shown to have some side effects but they are effective after all. Some of the drugs that are commonly used include the bevacizumab and Cyramza.
Radiation therapy is another option for the treatment of the colorectal cancer. The radiation beams help to prevent the multiplication of the cells and thus good at treating the cancer cells and making them shrink.
To be able to prevent yourself from this cancer avoid risk factors such as alcohol and a diet that is rich in fats.